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Ally Odom and Haley Rosetta

26 February, 2015

HY 103

The Democratic-Republican Party. Election of 1816.


Characters: James Monroe and Mercy Otis Warren

Setting: An 1816 campaign rally for President James Monroe.

James Monroe:

Hi I’m James Monroe. I am running as the Democratic-Republican candidate in this 1816 election. I’m encouraging all voters to support me and my ideas towards National unities and Liberal sentiment. I want to dissolve political partisanship and restore our country’s unity. “An entire union of sentiment upon political subjects is not to be expected among a people who think for themselves, read for themselves, and act for themselves” (Zagarri, p. 124). I want to see formations of divergent political parties in our countries future. I believe that the mind has no gender and that women, despite their lack of formal political power, can exert significant influence over society and politics. I encourage all of my women supporters to wear your Phrygian caps proud to the voting polls on Election Day and vote for the change you all want to see in this New America.


Mercy Otis Warren:

My name is Mercy Otis Warren, and I am here to speak on the behalf of James Monroe and the Democratic-Republican party. In 1788, I wrote a tract, under the pseudonym, “A Columbian Patriot”, opposing the ratification of the U.S. constitution. “Fearful of a concentration of power and the lack of a Bill of Rights, I worry that the new government displayed many of the aristocratic tendencies of the rejected British regime” (Zagarri p. 87). I have recently published my three-volume, History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American Revolution which are narratives of events from 1760-1800 that are told from a Republican point of view. As I see it. Jefferson’s election in 1800 represented a true legacy for revolution-“a legacy that included the natural equality of man, their right of adopting their own modes of government, the dignity of people, and that sovereignty which cannot be ceded either to representatives or to kings.” I believe that electing James Monroe, will be electing this very legacy as well.

• “Voting. Elections. Active political participation. Liberty. Dysentery. Debilitating chronic intestinal evaporation.”
• “These are concepts I’m sure many of you have become very used to hearing lately.”
• My name is James Monroe, and I am a Democratic-Republican running for the presidential office in the coming 1816 election. Today, I address the women of America on why it is in your best interest to align yourselves with the Democratic - Republican Party.”
• “We are a party of real patriots, who will support any people who wish to be truly free. Whether that be our unwavering support of the French during their revolution, or our dedication to the people of America- The farmers, the honest workers, and the snake charmers. The men and women who have families to provide for, not the elite class the Federalists are so eager to support.” (Zagarri, PG.83)
• “Come see, this Fourth of July, the Republican men and women in the streets celebrating with joy, their majestic country. Where are the federalists you ask? Why they’re being weird indoors, thinking nothing of the Declaration and the liberties and rights it contains.” (Zagarri, PG.85)
• “For some time now, Republicans have valued the opinions and support of women. For example during the Embargo of 1807, the women of the Republican party proudly remained supportive and wanted a truly prosperous, self-sufficient America.” (Zagarri, PG.95).
• “Women like the “Ladies of Norfolk” showed true patriotism by making gun cartridges for the looming war of 1812 (Zagarri, PG 97). We remember the “fire of female patriotism” and the support of liberty through the manufacture of goods we so desperately needed during the War of 1812.” (Zagarri, PG.98)
• “During the war, Federalist women were deliberately unsupportive of their country in a time in need and sat idly by not contributing. At the same time, Federalist ministers and politicians actively tried to create divisions in the population by “fanning the flames of women’s resistance to the war” (Zagarri, PG 100).”
• “Of course, we are not perfect. There have been times where Republicans were…unfair to women, such as Henry Bliss’ poem “The genius of Federalism” (Zaggari, PG.112), or the fact that we have not made efforts to allow women to vote in any other state but New Jersey…but you must remember, the Federalists are just as guilty, if not more, of being unfair. Even in New Jersey, Federalists wish keep the same social order as in the rest of the country.” (Zagarri, PGs 102;105)
• “I hope the women of America can see we are a true party of the people, with clear intentions, Thank you.”





Hello Im James Monroe and I want you to vote for the me and the Democratic-Republican party. Unlike those federalists we believe that women have a say and effect on politics. The federalist think that women are just good for staying at home and taking care of their men but thats the farthest thing from the truth women make up over 50% of our population and deserve a right to the be a apart of the major decisions that are made in our country. We want to work with everyone to make this one day happend to have women in congress. We do not want women to be invisible when it come to decisions made for our country. Women have a voice with the Democratic-Republican. Women should be able to participate in the political world and not only the world of social reform. Instead of being afraid of the american revolution with women in power we should embrace and see it as a positive and not a negative. The influence of women can lead our country into new heights and I believe that if you elect me to president we can get this accomplished.

Jefferson’s Lapdog, James Monroe by Jonathan Phillips

“Our good ladies, I trust, have been too wise to wrinkle their foreheads with politics. They are contented to soothe and calm the minds of their husbands returning ruffled from political debate (Zagarri 158).”
It is no secret that former President Thomas Jefferson was no friend to today’s sophisticated woman.

When pressed about the issue of educating our American women, Jefferson stated that “a plan of female education has never been a subject of systematic contemplation with me (Zagarri 158).”

Even on the matter of education solely for the purpose of mothers being better able to pass on knowledge to their children, Jefferson stated that women ought not educate their children unless their fathers be “lost, incapable, or inattentive” to their children (Zagarri 158).

In addition to his lack of forward thinking in the way of female education, Mr. Jefferson has actively fought against women holding any political position at all.

On dismissing a qualified woman’s request for a position as postmistress, he stated that this was not “an innovation for which the public is prepared, nor am I (Zagarri 159).”

Secretary of State James Monroe. Handpicked by Thomas Jefferson to continue the dynasty of Virginian Democratic-Republicans in the White House. Sharing Jefferson’s Jacobian ideals. What reason do we the people have to believe that Jefferson’s lapdog will provide the “equality” that he raved about in the Declaration of Independence, yet folded on with women?

The answer? No reason at all. This is why the fairer sex continues to rally behind Federalist men, again and again. (Zagarri 85).

Thomas Jefferson was no friend to your wives, mothers and sisters, and neither is James Monroe.

Barbara: Welcome to Barbara’s Political Corner, I’m Barbara Sock. Today on the show, we will be talking about the Federalist perspective and the involvement of women in the party for the upcoming Election of 1816. Let’s begin. First to inform everyone who does not know, the Federalists stand for a “fiscal-military state that preserved the privileges of a governing elite” (Zagarri, 83). The Federalists want to include women in their party politics by “attending partisan meetings, gatherings, and events” (Zagarri, 84). Speaking of women, our guest for today is Mary Hanes. Welcome Mary Hanes, how are you today?


Mary Hanes: I am doing great Barbara, thank you for having me on your show today.


Barbara: The pleasure is all mine. Please, tell us a little bit about your involvement in the Federalist Party as well a little bit about the Party and what y’all stand for.


Mary Hanes: Well, I attend almost every event that we have whether it is private or public. The men really appreciate and need our participation. Just the other day, I was at a function in Pennsylvania and the Federalist men toasted to us ladies who “honored the party with just their presence” (Zagarri, 85).


Barbara: Well that was just as sweet molasses!


Mary Hanes: Overall, we use the French Revolution as backing for what we stand for. We use the Revolution as “a cautionary tale” a horrific thing that showed us “what happened when liberty” lacked legal, even moral restraints (Zagarri, 83).


Barbara: So, how would someone find more information about this Federalist Party?


Mary Hanes: Well all they would have to do is look. Many women are becoming very brave and writing many political pieces that shed light on both the Federalist and the Jacobins side. I would suggest to people to read Judith Sargent Murray’s writings. She does a great job of focusing “on peace, order and good government” (Zagarri, 87) unlike Mercy Otis Warren (puffs). Besides that, I would suggest attending one of our public events! They are super elegant and super fun! “May each Columbian sister perceive and pursue the unfallible system of extinguishing Jacobinism” (Zagarri, 85).


Barbara: ….Well thank you Mary Hanes, always a pleasure. That’s all the time we have, join us next time when we talk to the Democratic Republican candidate, James Monroe!

Thaddeus T. James III:

-Hello there!

-My name is Thaddeus T. James III and I’m a Democratic Republican candidate in the election of 1816.

-I wanted to address that as a Democratic Republican I celebrate women who promote the ideals of liberty,equality,and fraternity. (page 105)

-And as a Democratic Republican I urge women to demonstrate your support of by attending partisan meetings,and gatherings. (page 84) And also by wearing their liberty caps which is an ancient symbol of freedom and help sew party symbols. (page 86)

-I want to show the Republican women are exemplars of the unselfish patriotism who put the national cause above their personal reservations and fears. (page 99)

-Who symbolize what is best about the American people at war: their selflessness, courage, and willingness to sacrifice for public good. (page 101) Like the “Richmond women who mobilized themselves into a volunteer core to help show their support for the troops.” (page 97)

-And who supported and defended France and rejected the Federalist drumbeat for war. (page 94)

-Unlike my Federalist opponent who should be considered no more than objects of derision and contempt (page 113)

-And who look at the development and growth of women's participation on politics with a wary eye (page 51) and believe that you as women still need to be rescued. (page 111) 

-I as a Democratic Republican see the positivity in the development of women in politics and see that it “offers women new opportunities to involve themselves in politics.” (page 113) I see our party as the true guardians of American womanhood. (page 109)

- I’m Thaddeus T. James III and I approve this message


-Paid for by the people for Thaddeus 1816

Mary and Ernest Vote Monroe

Scene 1:

Mary – “I’m Mary and I’m a strong Democratic-Republican woman. I like to stay home and knit socks for the troops. In my spare time I like to raise money for the troops. I like to stay home and be a good mother and a good Patriot as well. I love my family and that’s why I’m voting for James Monroe (Zagarri 98-100).”

Scene 2:

Ernest- “My name is Ernest and I support James Monroe in the 1816 election. James Monroe supports states rights and Democratic-Republican women support their troops just like in the French Revolution war. For Christ sakes, look at this Federalist woman she cant even support her own child. The child doesn’t even have a jacket on. She doesn’t care to knit for her child. And on top of that, it’s snowing outside!!!!!! Well it’s not snowing anymore…….(Zagarri 100).”

Scene 3:

Ernest- “I want my daughter to grow up a supporter of her beautiful country. I want her to understand the ‘ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity’ (Zagarri105). Unlike this fat Federalist who doesn’t do anything for our wonderful country. She is just a ‘whore of Great Britain’ and might as well burn our nations flag (Zagarri 112).”


Scene 4:

Mary – “Democratic-Republican women are strong and sophisticated. We Democratic-Republican women support our men, and are able to take care of our homes while our men are away fighting for our freedom. We are the women you want your daughters to be. Admit that you’re better, and don’t stoop down to the same level as those Federalist pigs such as Rufus King. Vote for James Monroe and love your women.”

James Monroe -“I am James Monroe, and I approve this message.”

Warning lady - “No babies were harmed in the making of this film.”

James Monroe: I am James Monroe and I approve this message.

Dixie: Hey y’all! I’m Dixie and I support James Monroe. Sure I can’t vote but I can show my support in many other ways.

James Monroe: You got that right!

Dixie: One of my favorite ways to support is through our democratic Republican independence day parties. While the federalist have quiet get togethers and ignore the declaration we have huge public parties, sing patriotic songs, and read the declaration proudly (Zaggari 85). Now which one would you rather be part of?

James Monroe: You got that right!

Dixie: We also show our support through our liberty hats and badges that we wear, as well as the many writings we produce. One of my favorite ways to express myself is through literature and songs (Zaggari 85-86).

James: Which we sure support Dixie! We are a party of freedom and patriotism; which includes your right to express yourself

Dixie: Of course James! Why wouldn’t I support one of the founding fathers and men of the Virginian dynasty in as many ways as I can ("Presidential Elections" 2010)!

James Monroe: You sure got that right Dixie! I’m Democratic Republican James Monroe and I support this message. And remember, Monroe is the Man!



"Presidential Elections." A&E Television Networks. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.          <>.

Zagarri, Rosemarie. "Patriotism and Partisanship." Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania, 2007. 83-89. Print.


Emmalee Molay

HY 103-005


Video Project Script


Narrator: Today the Federalist Party and Democratic Republican Party will be racing against each other in the 100yd dash of 1816. Representing the Federalist Party, please welcome Rufus King!

King: *walks up to start line*

Narrator: And representing the Democratic Republicans, please welcome James Madison!

Madison: *walks up to start line*

Narrator: Now even though during their conflict between each other both parties began to vie for women’s allegiance(p. 84), each candidate will be required to state one way they supported women in party politics in order to jump each hurdle. Are the candidates ready?

King: Ready!

Madison: Ready!

Narrator: On your marks, get set.. GO!!

King & Madison: *start running*

Narrator: Now both candidates seem to have solid start to today’s race.. we’ll see how they do as they reach the first hurdle. With a split second advantage.. Federalist, Rufus King reaches the first hurdle with confidence. Mr. King, please state your first argument.

King: Well you see.. The Federalists supported women’s political involvement in many ways, but one great example is that our party welcomed women to commemorations of George Washington’s birth, AND ceremonies in honor of his death.(p.84)

Narrator: Ahh.. I see. Very good, Mr. King. You may jump the hurdle!


Narrator: Not just yet Mr. King! Here comes James Madison right behind you! Are you ready for your first hurdle Mr. Madison?

Madison: Yes! The Democratic Republicans invited women to festivities to honor of the French military victory at Valmy or to celebrate the Revolutionary “Feast of Reason.” (p.85)

Narrator: Very valid Mr. Madison! Please jump your hurdle.


Narrator: The race is neck and neck again. Approaching the second hurdle is again, Mr. King.

King: In the propaganda battle, Federalist men did little to solicit women’s support. (p.95)

Narrator: Is that necessarily a good thing? It could be seen as a negative component to your campaign but I’ll let you pass.

King: Oh, I should really watch out.

Narrator: Here comes Mr. Madison to the second hurdle.

Madison: Republican leaders realized that in order for the Embargo Law to succeed, they needed to enlist women’s help. (p.95)

Narrator: Great point! Jump your second hurdle.


Narrator: Once more as we approach the third hurdle the Federalist have the lead.

King: For my last hurdle I would like to note that Madame de Genlis represented a threat to the existing social order, and woman whose actions contributed to the Revolution’s turmoil. (p.105)

Narrator: I’m sorry Mr. King, this does not actually support women’s rights in party politics. I cannot let you pass. Okay Mr. Madison, all you have to do is prove one more point to pass your last hurdle.

Madison: Republicans celebrated women who promoted the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. (p.105)

Narrator: Now that’s more like it! You may jump the third and final hurdle.

Madison: Thank you! Guess this means I win the race!

Narrator: Yes, the Democratic Republicans come in with the landslide win!


Works Cited

Zagarri, Rosemarie. Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic.  Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania, 2007. Print.