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Hello my name is madam McKinely of the Federalist Party. In this brief ad I will outline how we as women can help the Federalist Party in this upcoming election.


As female politicians we must show our support for the men who are leading our country. Our job is to be “knowledgeable about contemporary political affairs and ideas” (75). As women we need to read up on all that our party is doing and how our ideas can help the nation. This ad is going to serve as a way for women to become more involved in the Federalist Party. At the height of woman’s involvement in politics “Leaders urged women to demonstrate their support publicly by attending partisan meetings, gatherings, and events” (84). The Party even invited us to functions and we have been “seen as an “auxiliary arm” to the Federalist Party” (84). However, once the war started we became less involved due to our opposition. It is now time to become involved again, even as our views are being suppressed.


Our new way of showing support to our men will be through impartial patriotism. “Using [our] roles as wife and mother, [we] could act as peacemakers and mediators between warring factions of men” (116). It is no secret that there has been much turmoil in our beloved Federalist party. By bringing our men together we can strengthen the party and help them win this upcoming election. Even by being peacemakers between our party and the Republicans we can show we are the stronger, and better, party. The Democrat-republicans are the reason that male political influence carries a negative connotation. Men are “too involved, too distracted and too passionate to dampen the flames of party conflict and division. However, as women we have the power to “[affect] the spirit of public discourse and the tenor of social relations” (125). Our duty is to the Federalist Party, to strengthen our party by giving a female influence, which the Democratic-Republicans do not have. Although we are not physically involved in politics like in the late 1700s we have a unique opportunity to influence our men; to keep the level-headed and keep the party strong and vocal.




James Monroe: I (James Monroe) believe women should have a vote. You are the backbone of the family and deserve a voice. “You deserve a more active and assertive role in politics” (Zagarri 77). As your president, I believe “your role in politics is a sign of your political importance and is an affirmation of your connection with polity” (Zagarri 77). I believe to include to include women will not doom entire political project.


Federalist: As a federalist, I believe politics may consume the feminine virtues; “political discussion agitates women's passions, roughens our manner, and discomposes the garb of the female modesty” (Zagarri 77).


Anti- Federalist woman: As a female my vote is in James Monroe. I do deserve a voice and whether my voice in heard through the decision of my husband or son, I trust they will make the best decision for my family. This doesn't take away my virtues as a female but gives my equal representation or a voice.


James Monroe:

And there you have it! I’m James Madison and I approve this message.




Zagarri, Rosemarie. Revolutionary Backlash. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.

2007. Print












Dialogue: Federalist Party

Title: Charles Carter Campaign 1816

Charles Carter-Federalist Party:

“I Charles Carter, a candidate for the Federalist Party, am here to proclaim and fight for all the natural rights you are, including those at home unable to vote. Women, we understand your hardships in taking care of our young ones and the responsibilities of the home. You are not forgotten!

From an early time, you have been denied the rights of a higher education to voice your unique opinion, but with your strength you have been able to defy the separation sexes. (p48)

(P26) Before the Revolution, your subordination to men was held steady in American society. Prior to marriage you were under the control of your father, thereafter your husband took over. However, you have gained a fraction of your own identity. Remember those women like (p40-42) Mary Wollstonecraft, author of Vindication of the Rights of Women, (p40) who fought for your individual rights such as gaining greater education and economic opportunities, however, she did not believe in our “messy” political system. With that said, even without having a direct vote, I rely on your opinion and influence in this upcoming election.

How you ask?

At home, raise our children with your virtuous guidance (p146), but with our political ideals in mind. At political rallies, represent the Federalists well. Wear our golden Federalist eagles on dresses and bonnets and speak proudly on our behalf. (p115)

(p36)Just because New Jersey failed to work out regarding your voting rights and political influence, we still want you to be actively participating in the most way you can within your household.

(Wife) Sally Carter:

“In support of my husband! Women don’t lose hope. Stay strong in fighting for your Federalist candidate. (p116)  We urge for your continuation and involvement regardless of rising tensions between our great Federalists and the evil Republicans.”

Helen McRae and Marisa Renehan

HY 103

Libby Taylor



Hi, my name is Cady Heron and this is my story.

My parents and I moved to Massachusetts in the fall of 1815, 3 years after the war and a year before the big presidential election. I had never gone to a real school before. I enrolled in a public school and wasn’t so sure how I liked it, but in my math class I sat behind a super handsome guy named Aaron Samuels.

“So, what political party do you belong to?” I asked him, trying to be flirty.

“I’m pretty sure I’m a Federalist,” he said.

“So you support the war, huh?” I asked him.

“Uhhh, do you?” he replied.

“I don’t, actually. I really like Monroe. I don’t support violence and I believe problems can be solved in other ways rather than resorting to murder and torture,” I told him.

“Then neither do I,” he replied. I came to the conclusion that men’s opinions weren’t too strong, as he had changed his so easily (125).

I soon became friends with Janice and Damien, two strange characters who shared similar beliefs to mine. They didn’t support the war and fully supported women’s rights. One day, we were eating lunch when they brought up the three most popular Federalist girls at school: Regina, Gretchen, and Karen.

“There’s the Federalists. That’s Karen. She’s so dumb she couldn’t even finish sewing her flag,” Janice said.

“There’s Gretchen. She’s a total gossip. Thankfully she doesn’t have a husband so she can’t sway his views to support Federalism,” Damien said.

“And there’s Regina. She loves drama and the war. She makes the best flags in town and she convinces almost all the boys to support Federalism,” Janice said (149).

The next day of school, I was walking towards Janice and Damien in the cafeteria when Regina called me over to her table. She asked me my political stance. I hesitated.

Before I could answer, she said, “So you mean you’re not a Federalist?” She asked me.

“I didn’t say anything,” I replied. She asked me to hang out with them for the rest of the week. I agreed, to see what they were like.

A week later, and boy, did I hate them. They were mean, shallow, and only cared about sewing their dumb flags. On Wednesday, we went to the mall, and Regina prank called a girl and told her that her flag was the ugliest she’d ever seen. They would tell me secrets about other Republican girls at our school. Finally, I had had enough. I stopped hanging out with them and found a new crowd instead.

I was voted prom queen and gave my speech.

“To everyone out there who’s a Federalist: you’re wrong. You support cattiness, drama, and war to make your point. You’re a mean girl. And you’ll never win a crown,” I said.

Even though I had stopped hanging out with the most popular girls in school, I had won and so had my candidate—James Monroe. It was an amazing senior year. All of the Federalist women had basically stopped hanging out and sewing flags, and had focused their energy on other things, like the weather, the lacrosse team, and another clique (158). It’s safe to say I had found my way at public school, and I had learned that violence—whether it be through a prank call or through war—was never the answer.






This is an interview between Murray, Federalist author, and a member of the Federalist party. This interview takes place post Election of 1816 and is centered around the participation of women in the Federalist Political Party.

Murray­ T​hanks so much for meeting with me to discuss the Federalist views on women’s participation in party politics! I am interested in writing an article about your views leading up to the Election of 1816 and following it.
Federalist Man­ g​reat! what do you want to know?

Murray­ I​n your opinion, how does a woman’s spouse influence her political views?

Federalist Man­ O​n the Federalist side, I tend to see that “many women choose a spouse because of the man’s political views. A man’s political affiliation could be as important as his wealth, looks, or personality” (Revolutionary Backlash 90).
Murray­ D​o you, as a Federalist, believe women should support their husbands and sons in war, like they support their political views?
Federalist Man­ M​en supported the War of 1812, but as much as we want the women to support the war, they continue to quietly resist it. (Revolutionary Backlash 101)
Murray­ H​ow in relation to this did women actually behave during the Election of 1816? Federalist Man­ W​ell, depicted in John Krimmel’s painting ,E​lection at the State House, w​e see how women were involved in the Election. He portrays women as peacemakers between the differing political parties (Revolutionary Backlash 162).
Murray­ D​o you find it interesting that women were not allowed to vote considering the major role they play in party politics in their own homes?
Federalist Man­ I​believe they play a significant role in passing down the knowledge of politics in their homes, so men may practice these beliefs. Women prepare to, like their mothers, pass the knowledge down to their children one day.
Murray­ T​hank you for your time. Those are all the questions I have. Do you have any other thoughts on women’s participation in party politics?

Federalist Man­ W​e hope women continue to gather at Federalist party functions. I believe with the women’s continual support and dedication to politics, the Federalist’s party will continue to grow and become more powerful.
Murray­ W​ould you mind giving an example of how the women supported the Federalist’s ideas?

Federalist Man­ A​n important example of their dedication and support, was their ability to violate the ban on imported goods. Without the women’s help, a political boycott has the ability to fail terribly (Revolutionary Backlash 95).
Murray­ T​hank you for your time!


Amanda: Have you ever wondered if women have a place in politics, well we do! We are different from the men who are too caught up in party conflict and division (Zagarri 125).


Amanda: Even though we do not have formal political power, the women of the US have a significant influence over society and politics (Zagarri 125).


Amanda: We have the ability to exert our opinions over the American public in a way that really makes an impact in their daily lives.


Amanda: Now back to party conflict let’s talk about the candidates the first being James Monroe. Monroe is a member of the Democratic-Republican Party. And the other candidate is Rufus King a member of the Federalist Party.


Amanda: I really feel like that James Monroe fella is going to win by a landslide over Rufus King. Call it intuition if you want!


Amanda: Remember ladies even though we don't have any formal political experience in politics, we can still make an impact on our husbands, brothers or sons to vote the way that we would.


Allison: So you are saying that even though we can't actually go to the polls and vote that we can, in a way make our male counter parts vote the way we would?


Amanda: Exactly! And if you get the male population to vote for James Monroe, then you'll be helping to make America a better place to live.


Amanda: Since Rufus King is a Federalist he believes that voting should remain the privilege of the propertied classes (Zagarri 149).


Amanda: If women ever want the ability to vote, and participate in politics then make sure you do everything in your power to get James Monroe the Democratic-Republican into office.


James: Hi, I am a representation of James Monroe. If you want America to be a great place to live vote for me in the upcoming 1816 election.


James: This advertisement was paid for by the elect James Monroe for president council. I support and approve this message!


James: Remember women you have the power to decide how the election could turn out!


Afnan Abu Qahouq
Dr. Kopelson/ Libby Taylor
Feb. 25, 2015
Election of 1816
Women’s Participation in Party Politics
Hillary Clinton: Hi, I’m Hillary Clinton
Sarah Palin: And I’m Sarah Palin
Hillary Clinton: We decided to make a campaign discussing the women’s participation in party politics during the election of 1816 in the Federalist Perspective. Sarah, Can you tell the audience who were the federalist and how they supported the women’s participation in politics?
Sarah Palin: Oh yes, you betcha Hillary! In the election of 1816, there were two political groups. The Federalist Party who favored the British and the supporters of George Washington and Alexander Hamilton. And then there were the Democratic Republican, who were also known as the Jeffersonian, who favored the French and supporters of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. The Federalist were more in favor of women’s political participation. They “urged women to demonstrate their support publicly by attending partisan meetings, gatherings, and events” (p.84). For example, Federalists “welcomed women to commemorations of Washington’s birthday and later to ceremonies in honor of his death” (84). “By appearing at such activities, women both affirmed their partisan affiliations and expanded the basis of popular political participation” (p85). By the way Hillary, do you know what federalists used to call the Democratic Republicans?
Hillary Clinton: What Sarah?
Sarah Palin: They used to malign them as “Atheists”, “Jacobins”, or “Democrats” (p.84).
Hillary Clinton: Sarah, remember, let’s try to keep the dialogue PG-13. Back to discussion, women’s participation was seen as an “affirmative choice” (p.85). There were many ways women contributed in their presence to support the Federalists by “marrying men of the same party, wearing color and symbols of the party”, or even joining their husbands to sing in some political events (p.85). For example, the Federalists women “wore golden eagles or black cockades on their dresses or hats” (p.85-6). Participation in politics for women also led to “new opportunities to involve themselves in politics such as homespun, boycotting goods and attending public gatherings in support of their chosen political causes” (p.113). “As ‘female politicians’, they asserted their political opinions and made choices of everything from servants to spouses based on their party affiliations” (p.113).
Sarah Palin: Hey Hillary, I can see Russia from here!
Hillary Clinton: (A thought in her head) Why didn’t I get Michelle Obama to help me with the campaign ad?!